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In the Shadow of the Habsburg Empire. Postwar crisis, National Conflicts and New Fascist Order.

In the last two decades an increasing bibliography has focused on fascism in new ways, by shifting from a typological to a conceptual perspective and at the same time by developing transnational comparative approaches. However, the historical accounts of the Italian fascist movement and regime – the pioneering experiment and the first model of fascism – are still embedded within persistent national frameworks. Particularly striking in this respect is the growing gap between the common narratives of the ascent of Mussolini’s fascist movement and the new historiography on the global and European post-WWI crisis. What can we learn from the new researches on the imperial 1917-1923 crises and post-imperial legacies in the “Eurasian” area, in order the reframe the understanding of the early Italian fascism and its radical nationalism? In what sense, and to what extent, is it possible to compare the “squadrismo” with other synchronic phenomena of paramilitary violence in East Central Europe? A case in point will be provided by the post-Habsburg borderland of Venezia Giulia, in which the formation and success of the “squadrismo” took place as early as in 1920 and accordingly became a model for the whole Italian fascism.

 

??????????Marco Bresciani was educated at the Scuola Normale Superiore and at the University of Pisa, where he obtained his PhD. He was post-doc fellow at the Istituto per la Storia del Movimento di Liberazione Nazionale in Italia, at the Remarque Institute (NYU), at the Centre de Recherches Politiques R. Aron (EHESS). So far, his interests have focused on the global and European history of socialism, antifascism and anti-totalitarianism, with special regard to intellectual networks in Italy, France and US, from the 1930s to the 1970s. His current project deals with the transition from the imperial to the national sovereignty, the subsequent political, social and cultural crisis and conflicts and their persistent legacies in the former Oesterreiches Küstenland, annexed by Italy in 1918.

LECTURE HELD ON MAY 14TH, 2015.

IN THE SHADOW OF THE HABSBOURG EMPIRE. POSTWAR CRISIS, NATIONAL CONFLICTS AND NEW FASCHIST ORDER.

In the last two decades an increasing bibliography has focused on fascism in new ways, by shifting from a typological to a conceptual perspective and at the same time by developing transnational comparative approaches. However, the historical accounts of the Italian fascist movement and regime – the pioneering experiment and the first model of fascism – are still embedded within persistent national frameworks. Particularly striking in this respect is the growing gap between the common narratives of the ascent of Mussolini’s fascist movement and the new historiography on the global and European post-WWI crisis. What can we learn from the new researches on the imperial 1917-1923 crises and post-imperial legacies in the “Eurasian” area, in order the reframe the understanding of the early Italian fascism and its radical nationalism? In what sense, and to what extent, is it possible to compare the “squadrismo” with other synchronic phenomena of paramilitary violence in East Central Europe? A case in point will be provided by the post-Habsburg borderland of Venezia Giulia, in which the formation and success of the “squadrismo” took place as early as in 1920 and accordingly became a model for the whole Italian fascism.