Andrei Răzvan Voinea graduated from the Faculty of History (2008) and earned his M.A. in British Cultural Studies (Faculty of Foreign Languages, 2010) and in Central and Eastern Europe History at Central European University (Budapest, 2012). In 2017 he defended his Ph.D. A suitable model for Romanian lifestyle: the social housing reform and the activity of the Municipal Company for Low-Cost Housing (1908-1948) at the University of Architecture and Town Planning, Bucharest and was Fulbright Visiting Scholar at the University of Pittsburgh (2016-2017). He worked as archivist at Open Society Archives (Budapest, 2012) and Managing Editor at Arhitext Magazine (2015). Currently, fellow at New Europe College Bucharest and director of Studio Zona NGO
Red Bucharest: A Social History of the First Communist Housing Projects in Bucharest (1945-1958)
The project investigates the housing policy of the socialist regime in Romania, implemented between 1945 and 1958, which resulted in the construction of 29 housing estates in Bucharest, housing more than 30.000 tenants. Currently, scholars investigate the topic from two perspectives: an architectural perspective, with a focus on the form that the socialist city took, and a political-administrative perspective, concentrating on the political decisions that shaped the administration to put in bricks and mortar the visions of the communist city. The research offers a complementary perspective, focusing on the social history of the agents that benefited from this reform, the tenants, and will answer a causal series of question: did the socialist state resolve the housing issue of the vulnerable classes or it used housing as a tool of controlling the working class by offering this right only to party members and members of unions? Consequently, the study investigates the intentions of the reformers, the means of construction and the distribution, together with the features of daily life in these new housing estates. As the first communist authorities adopted the reforms as early as 1945, they realized in 1958 that insufficient work was done to solve the housing issue and radicalized the reform by switching to a modernist urban dimension characterized by massive pre-fab apartment buildings in new districts at the periphery of the city.