Dino Pitoski

Drivers of Human Migration: a review of scientific evidence

“A vast number of studies has been dedicated to investigating which factors affect human migration. Those factors, often referred to as “determinants”, or “drivers” of migration, have become the founding blocks for different migration theories. While hundreds of factors have been stacking up into dozens of different theories, there has not been a single attempt to make a comprehensive overview of factors, and single out those consistently most important. Such overview would be highly useful for the regulators, who, by treating those central factors, could more effectively manage migratory developments. The overview, too, would be highly beneficial for migration scholars, to recognize the factors, as well as geographies, that have been under-investigated.
Introducing a novel approach to literature review based on Content Analysis, we collect evidence on migration factors from scientific studies around the globe. By coding factor-to-migration relations, we derive the centrality ranking of factors of migration across countries, at both internal and international level. We also identify the various ways to measure, and various data sources, for both migration factors and migration flows. We explain how these results maintain validity as part of a migration observatory intended for the policymakers.”

Dino Pitoski is a researcher at the department of e-Governance and Administration at Danube University Krems, Austria. His work is funded within the PhD programme in Migration Studies by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) and the Austrian Federal Ministry of the
Interior (BM.I). His PhD project, titled “The complex network of human migration – inputs for European migration policies”, observes human migration from a network science perspective, relating the factors of migration identified in migration (determinants) theory with network analysis measures and models, starting from the widest geographical levels, down to the case of internal migration in Austria. These classified determinants, measures, models and their relations, should, subsequently, act as constitutive components of a migration observatory,
usable for regional and national policymakers.  Dino´s temporary stay at CAS SEE is under Erasmus+ Staff mobility for training agreement.

The seminar was held at the University of Rijeka on January 30, 2019.

Erasmus+ Project “Rights at Work, Work on Rights”

Kickoff Meeting of the Erasmus+ Project “Rights at Work, Work on Rights”

Kickoff meeting of the Erasmus+ Project “Rights at Work, Work on Rights” was held in Belgrade on December 12, 2018. The project, envisaged as a combination of awareness raising and educational activities, is aimed at improving knowledge and information of young workers on their labour rights (what are their labour rights, what endangers them and how to protect them), so that they can work in fair, just and decent working conditions, being fully aware of these rights and exercising them.

Representatives of coordinator and partner organizations: Nenad Rakočević (Trade Union of Administration and Justice of Montenegro), Zoran Jovanović (Trade Union of Administration of Serbia), Milorad Mitrović (Trade Union of Administration of Republika Srpska), Bojan Tripunoski (Trade Union of UPOZ), Kristina Smoljanović (University of Rijeka – Center for Advanced Studies), Siniša Ćerketa (Trade Union Education Center), Momčilo Đokić (Budva Foundation), Viliam Michalovic (YouthWatch Slovakia), Nikola Sovrlić, Aleksandra Knežević, Dragana Radošević and Vladimir Mitrović (Development Center for Youth). Representative of Youth Coalition SEGA was apologized for absence.

Apart from the mentioned knowledge and information, the aim of the project activities is to help them develop a variety of skills, as well as self-confidence in order to help them create better perspectives in their lives. This project is seen as pilot activity in work with young workers and should result in sustainable model that can be replicated all over again as part of regular extracurricular educational activities of young workers, once they enter the labour market, in cooperation with trade unions and relevant institutions from Croatia, Serbia, Slovakia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Macedonia.

University of Rijeka, Center for Advanced Studies – South East Europe is the main project researcher, in charge of constructing the youth survey “Are you Familiar with your Labour Rights”, designed to gather and analyse data for further project activities to be implemented jointly by project partners in 2019.

All news regarding the project “Rights at Work, Work on Rights” you can also follow on the official website at:

On this web address you can find detailed information about the project and its phases, coordinator, partners and follow news regarding the project within the Erasmus+ programme European Union: KA2 – Capacity Building in the Field of Youth/Western Balkan Window.

Project “Rights at Work, Work on Rights” is implemented by Development Center for Youth Belgrade and Trade Union of Administration of Republic of Serbia, Trade Union Educational Center Banja Luka and Trade Union of Administration of Republic of Srpska, Foundation Budva and Trade Union of Administration and Judiciary of Montenegro, Coalition SEGA from Prilep and Trade Union UPOZ of Macedonia, Center for Advanced Studies – South Eastern Europe at the University of Rijeka and organization YouthWatch from Slovakia.

The second meeting of the Consortium took place in Avala, Serbia on April 8, 2019. The meeting’s agenda was opened with a presentation of the national and regional reports on the online Youth Survey “Are You Familiar with your Labour Rights” conducted by the main research partner – University of Rijeka, Center for Advanced Studies – South East Europe, in four partner countries: Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Macedonia. The presentation of the youth survey’s results was followed by joint planning of the next project activities – design of the project’s visual identity and the awareness raising campaign.

After comprehensive analysis of the situation on the field, conducted by an online youth survey “Are You Familiar with your Labour Rights?” among citizens of the regional countries, the project team presents the results of the research, which now constitute the starting point for all further activities within the project “Rights at Work, Work on Rights”. With this project, we are trying to improve the awareness of young people about their labor rights, in order to empower them to combat negative phenomena in working environment and improve their working standard.

Focus of the research was on young people under the age of 35, employed in public administration. Research was carried out by the Center for Advanced Studies of South East Europe at the University of Rijeka, with the support of the trade unions of administration and justice involved in the project implementation.

National Reports can be found at the official website and downloaded in pdf format.

Research is part of the project “Rights at Work, Work on Rights”, supported under the Erasmus+ program of the European Union: KA2 – Capacity building in the field of youth/Western Balkan Window.

The training for future peer educators “Labour Rights of Youth – Phenomena Endangering them and Mechanisms of Protection” was held in Bratislava, Slovakia, May 20 – 25, 2019.

Youth representatives – young union workers from Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia, Croatia and Slovakia participated in an education on human rights, focusing on the working rights of the youth, and the threats that diminish these rights, with the actual mechanisms of protection. The education was designed with an aim of being shared with the peers in the home country as a direct result of the five-day training course in Slovakia.

The support to young youth workers, during the training and in their future work, besides the union representatives of the Project (Trade Union of Administration of Republic of Serbia, Trade Union Educational Center Banja Luka, Trade Union of Administration and Judiciary of Montenegro, Trade Union UPOZ of Macedonia), was given by the citizens’ associations focusing on the youth rights and the coordinator of the project – Development Center for Youth Belgrade, the training host YouthWatch, Foundation Budva and the Coalition SEGA from Prilep. The training was supported by UNIRI CAS SEE delegate Kristina Smoljanovic with a presentation focusing on the themes of future educational activities in correspondence with the national and regional research outlines and the organization of the activities to follow after the Bratislava training.