Conference

LIBERAL DEMOCRACY IN THE WEST / THE END OF HISTORY 25 YEARS LATER

PUBLIC LECTURE

by Professor Francis Fukuyama

Olivier Nomellini Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI) Stanford University

Date: 04 July 2017 / 19.30 – 22.00

Venue: Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Sarajevo

Moderation:

Asim Mujkić, Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Sarajevo

Participants in the discussion:

Petar Bojanić – Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory Belgrade, CAS SEE (UNIRI)

Gruia Badescu; Mateja Kurir-Borovčić; Gregor Moder; Marija Ott-Franolić; Nataša Sardžoski;  Marek Silvazsi –Center for Advanced Studies Fellows, University of Rijeka (CAS SEE, UNIRI)

Marjan Ivković – Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory Belgrade

Gazela Pudar Draško – Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory Belgrade

Damir Kapidžić, Nerzuk Ćurak, Nermina Mujagić, Hamza Karčić – Faculty of Political Sciencies, Sarajevo

Francis Fukuyama has written widely on issues in development and international politics. His book, The End of History and the Last Man, was published by Free Press in 1992 and has appeared in over twenty foreign editions. Fukuyama’s “end of history” thesis was an influential attempt to make sense of the post-cold-war world. In this discussion, Fukuyama will reflect on his ideas and if they survived the tides of criticism and political change.

Francis Fukuyama received his B.A. from Cornell University in classics, and his Ph.D. from Harvard in Political Science. He was a member of the Political Science Department of the RAND Corporation, and of the Policy Planning Staff of the US Department of State. He previously taught at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of Johns Hopkins University and at George Mason University’s School of Public Policy. He served as a member of the President’s Council on Bioethics from 2001-2004. Dr. Fukuyama is chairman of the editorial board of The American Interest, which he helped to found in 2005. He is a senior fellow at the Johns Hopkins SAIS Foreign Policy Institute, and a non-resident fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Center for Global Development. He holds honorary doctorates from Connecticut College, Doane College, Doshisha University (Japan), Kansai University (Japan), Aarhus University (Denmark), and the Pardee Rand Graduate School. He is a member of the Board of Governors of the Pardee RAND Graduate School, the Board of Directors of the National Endowment for Democracy, and a member of the advisory board for the Journal of Democracy. He is also a member of the American Political Science Association, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Pacific Council for International Affairs.

Organizers: Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Sarajevo; Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade; Center for Advanced Studies – Southeast Europe, University of Rijeka; Center for Ethics, Law and Applied Philosophy, Belgrade

 

CAS SEE FELLOWS PANEL IN VIENNA

The second day of the Aktionstage: Refugees – Migration – Democracy Symposium held at the Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien hosted a panel with the 4th generation of CAS-SEE Fellows. CAS-SEE Director Petar Bojanic provided Input on the subject of Europe, Refugees, Hospitality, Destitution.
The 6th panel of the Symposium, entitled Towards a new research agenda: Debate and exchange on current topics and critical junctures for thinking and researching in the field of refugees, migration and democracy, hosted young speakers that provided fresh perspectives on the subject.

Panelists:
• Mariana Fragkou (Greek Council for Refugees, Athens),
• Andjelka Pantović (Asylum Protection Centre, Belgrade),
• Sanja Bojanić (CAS SEE, University of Rijeka),
• Kevin Hinterberger (IWM, University of Vienna), Ilker Ataç (University of Vienna),
• Ernesto C. Sferrazza Papa (CAS SEE Fellow, Rijeka/Torino)
• Deana Jovanović (CAS SEE Fellow)
• Carlos González Villa (CAS SEE Fellow)
• Andrew Hodges (CAS SEE Fellow)
• Anton Markoč (CAS SEE Fellow)
Moderation: Heide Hammer (Refugee Convoy – Schienenersatzverkehr für Flüchtlinge, Vienna)

Foto:  Sabine Schwaighofer, Initiative Minderheiten | Kristina Smoljanovic, CAS SEE

Aktionstage: Refugees – Migration – Democracy

The first panel of the Aktionstage: Refugees – Migration – Democracy Symposium held at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, entitled (Not) Learning from history, part I: Yugoslav refugee crisis – how Europe dealt with it from left to right, moderated by Vedran Džihić (CAS SEE, University of Rijeka, oiip, Vienna) included the presentations of Zoran Slavinić (REMESO, Linköping University), Branka Likić-­Brborić (REMESO, Linköping University) and Melita H. Sunjic (UNHCR, Vienna) that engaged both listeners and speakers in debates on the changing nature of European democracy in the midst of the ongoing refugee crisis.

The second panel, (Not) Learning from history, part II: Integration and democracy from left to right, moderated by Sanja Bojanić (CAS SEE, University of Rijeka) delt with the nature of the contemporary demos. The panel provided experts from various disciplines: Ilker Ataç (University of Vienna), Gudrun Biffl (Danube University Krems), Holly Case (IWM, Brown University) and Li Bennich-­Björkman (Department of Government, Uppsala University) with the opportunity to offer sensible and culturally diverse outlooks on political participation, contribution and agency. Their explorations of the topics of political optimism, institutional control and emotional engagement provided a fascinating basis for further discussions about the proper response to the refugee crisis.

The third panel, Demos – Who belongs to the political community? moderated by Gerd Valchars (Initiative Minderheiten, Vienna) included presentations of Hedvig Morvai (European Fund for the Balkans, Belgrade), Katharine Sarikakis (University of Vienna) and Snježana Prijić-­Samaržija (CAS SEE, University of Rijeka).

Snjezana Prijic-Samarzija

At the conference, the co-director of the Center for Advanced Studies SEE, professor Snježana Prijić-Samaržija presented her answer to the problem of belonging to a political community. Prijić-Samaržija’s presentation approached the issue of migration from an institutional perspective, questioning the legitimacy of someone’s right to impose limits on the freedom of movement. Throughout the speech, she explored the legitimacy of unilateral prohibitive decisions made by particular states and the implications of their unsustainable one-dimensionality, juxtaposing them with the notion of migration as a basic human right. Should we choose to view the right to seek better political and economic conditions as a manifestation of contemporary social mobility, we would need to address the option that nobody can legitimately limit the movement of others. Striving to reach a balanced conclusion, Prijić-Samaržija proposed delegating the issue of migrations to international institutions capable of adjusting the subjective interests of particular states to the interests of migrants. Relating to the broader topic of the conference, she emphasized the necessary hierarchy of urgency between the migration of genuine refugees, low-skilled workers escaping poverty and high-skilled experts seeking better payment. Her presentation incited many responses from the audience, leading to a discussion about the nature of credible international institutions and the danger of excessive euro centrism.

AKTIONSTAGE: REFUGEES – MIGRATION – DEMOCRACY

While most European states are not able to create humane conditions for those who have fled war zone sin the Near East in recent years, the dedication of Europe’s civil society proves that solidarity is alive and that the vision of a democratic Europe will not be abandoned. Community action – whether in smaller communities or in larger cities – is becoming a guiding principle for many. As a result, actions and organizations from civil society strongly infulence European democracies, changing and reshaping them.

What kind of potential do these actions of civil society hold for the advancement of European democracies in connection with the most recent refugee movement? What can be learned from historical experiences with the wars in Yugoslavia, but also from current experiences in Sweden? How is the refugee movement changing European democracies and what can be learned from civil society’s activities, which have been emerging since last year?

The AKTIONSTAGE: REFUGEES – MIGRATION – DEMOCRACY, which are being supported by a number of organizations, are dedicated to exploring these questions from a theoretical and practical perspective and are attempting to understand the current situation through historical and geographic comparisons.

Find more information on the Aktionstage conference program and events here.

Organized by Initiative Minderheiten, Center for Advanced Studies South Eastern Europe (CAS SEE), ERSTE Stiftung, Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen (IWM), Asylkoordination österreich, arge region kultur, GBW Minderheiten and Interkulturelles Zentrum (iz), Karl-Renner-Institut.

In cooperation with ÖBB-Holding, Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien, Stadtkino im Künstlerhaus, REMESO (Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society, Linköping University), oiip – Österreichisches Institut für Internationale Politik, IDM (The Institute for the Danube Region and Central Europe) and Donau-Universität Krems.

New Europe College – Institute for Advanced Studies’ “Refugees, Migrants and Cosmo-Politics” Conference in Bucharest

Petar Bojanic (CAS SEE, Belgrade Institute for Philosphy and Social Theory) gave a keynote lecture On Counter-Institution. Europe, Refuge, Hospitality, Destitution (Chair: Dan Lazea), on June 4th at the Refugees, Migrants and Cosmo-Politics Conference in Bucharest, organized by the New Europe (more…)

Round Table “The Role of Institutions – Experiences and Prospects” and Opening Reception

 In the past forty years we have been witnessing a decline of public institutions in various areas. First, decline of institutions of welfare state. Second, decline of democratic institutions. There has been much talk recently of democratic deficit, particularly at EU level. Many public institutions that provided public (more…)

Institutions in Action: The Nature and the Role of Institutions in the Real World

Political, social, economic, and legal institutions exert a great impact on the lives of individuals as social beings, as well as on those individuals’ own understanding of themselves, their potentialities, and aspirations. In big societies, institutions also offer information regarding what others do or tend to do. Still, in the last thirty years, both in political theory and in practice, the role of institutions has been seriously threatened by an ideological struggle against the welfare state and by a growing emphasis on individual responsibility and an individualist ethos. Once again we find ourselves having to examine the importance of the role of social institutions, their nature as actors, as well as their mutual influences.

Venue:  Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka, Campus, Sveučilišna avenija 4, 51000 Rijeka

Organizer:  Center for Advanced Studies–Southeast Europe, University of Rijeka, LabOnt–Department of Philosophy, University of Torino in cooperation with the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade

4th CAS SEE International Conference

PLAYING BY THE RULES

Institutions in Action: The Nature and the Role of Institutions in the Real World

May 26, 2016 / 19:00-21:00

Round Table “The Role of Institutions – Experiences and Prospects”

and Opening Reception

Hotel Jadran (Šetalište XIII divizije 46, 51000, Rijeka)

Welcome Addresses: Predrag Sustar (Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of Croatia), Pero Lucin (Rector, University of Rijeka), Snjezana Prijic Samarzija (Vice rector and director of CAS SEE,University of Rijeka)

Introductory: Nebojsa Zelic (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka)

Participants: Erhard Busek (Institute for the Danube Region and Central Europe, Vienna), HE Michèle Boccoz (the French Ambassador to Croatia), Vesna Pusic (Former First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia), Shalini Randeria (Institute for Human Sciences, Vienna), Wolfgang Merkel (WZB Berlin Social Science Center), Ugo Mattei (IUC College University of Torino, Hastings College of the Law University of California), Luc Lévy (French Institute Zagreb), Vedran Dzihic (CAS SEE, University of Rijeka)

May 27, 2016 / Day 1

Conference Venue: Faculty for Humanities, Sveučilišna avenija 4, 51000 Rijeka, Amphitheaters 230, 106, 107


09.15-10.00 Ceremonial signing: Memorandum of Understanding – CAS SEE / Institute of Higher Education, University of Georgia (University of Rijeka, Rectorate, Trg Brace Mazuranica 10


08.30-09.00    Registration (desk in front of the Amphitheater 230, Faculty for Humanities)

09.00-09.30    Introductory: Petar Bojanic (CAS SEE/IFDT), Mario Gioannini (Collegio Carlo Alberto)

09.30-11.15    Plenary Presentations – Amphitheater 230

Chair: Nenad Miscevic (University of Maribor)

RAIMO TUOMELA (University of Helsinki): “Social Institutions, Constitution, and Institutional Status”

FRANCESCO GUALA (University of Milan): “A Functionalist Approach to Institutions”

Chair: Snjezana Prijic-Samarzija

SHEILA SLAUGHTER (IHE University of Georgia): Higher education, Stratification, and workforce development: Competitive advantage in Europe, the USand Canada

11.15-11.30    Coffee break – Faculty for Humanities (desk in front of the Amphitheater 230)


11.30-13.00    Session I with III Panels:

The Legal Nature And Identity Of Institutions: Luka Burazin (Zagreb Faculty of Law); Tiziana Andina (University of Turin); Ana Dimiskovska (University of Skopje); Boran Bercic (University of Rijeka)

Higher Education Initiative Southeaster Europe: Cas See / Institute Of Higher Education, University Of Georgia: Ed Simpson (IHE University of Georgia); Zoran Sušanj (Faculty for Humanities and Social Sciences, Rijeka); Libby Morris (IHE University of Georgia); Lucia Brajkovic (American Council on Education)

The Role Of Institutions Case Studies: Vedran Obućina (Society for Mediterranean Studies, University of Rijeka); Katerina Shapkova, Pece Nedanovski (Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje); Lina Dokuzović (European Institute for Progressive Cultural Policies, Vienna)

13.00-14.30    Lunch – Akvarij at the University Campus, Radmile Matejčić 5, Rijeka


14.30-16.15    Plenary Presentations – Amphitheater 230

Chair: Igor Stiks (Edinburgh College of Art, The University of Edinburgh)

UGO MATTEI (University of Torino, IUC, College University of California, Hastings College of the Law): “New Institutions of the Commons”

AVNER DE SHALIT (University of Tel Aviv): “Bring Back the Parties”


16.15-17.45    Session II with III Panels:

Playing By The Rules: Brian Epstein (Tufts University, via skype); Nenad Miscevic (University of Maribor); Bojan Borstner (University of Maribor); Edoardo Fregonese (Labont|Arch, University of Turin); Mark Losonc (IFDT)

Hospitality Of State Institutions: Dane Taleski (CAS SEE Fellow); Aleksandra Zdeb (Faculty of International and Political Studies, Jagiellonian University in Kraków); Ali Emre Benli (CAS SEE Fellow)

Vladimir Unkovski Korica (CAS SEE Fellow)

Institutionalizing Studies Of Social Engagement 1: Marjan Ivkovic (IFDT); Srdjan Prodanovic (IFDT); Jelena Vasiljevic (IFDT); Aleksandar Matkovic (IFDT);Edward Djordjevic (CELAP)

17.45-18.00    Coffee break – Faculty for Humanities (desk in front of the Amphitheater 230)


19.00-20.30    Round table – Amphitheater 230

 “Institution-building and Institution-Managing – Between Idealist Goals, Structural Constrains and Permanent Fundraising”

Introductory: Vedran Džihić (CAS SEE)

Hedvig Morvai, Shalini Randeria, Erhard Busek, Mario Gioannini, Libby Morris, Haki Abazi

May 28, 2016 / Day 2

Conference Venue: Faculty for Humanities, Sveučilišna avenija 4, 51000 Rijeka, Amphitheaters 230, 232, 206


8.30-10.00      CAS SEE Boards Meeting, Hotel Jadran


10.30-12.15    Plenary Presentations – Amphitheater 230

Chair: Tiziana Andina (LabOnt, University of Torino)

MAURIZIO FERRARIS (LabOnt, University of Torino): “DOCUMEDIALITY: Documentality-Intentionality-Institution”

ROBERT SALAIS (Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan, Paris Centre Marc Bloch): “From Conventions to Institutions. The Contours of a Pragmatic Theory of Institutions”


12.15-13.45    Session III with III Panels:

Panel 1 Amphitheater 230

Caring Ethics And Institutions: Ivan Vukovic (University of Belgrade); Elvio Baccarini (University of Rijeka); Viktor Ivanković, Zlata Božac (Central European University, Budapest); Nebojsa Zelic (University of Rijeka)

Institutionalizing Studies Of Social Engagement 2: Srdjan Prodanovic (IFDT); Adriana Zaharijevic (IFDT); Gazela Pudar Drasko (IFDT); Igor Krtolica (IFDT); Zeljko Radinkovic (IFDT)

Guaranteeing Equality: Edward Djordjevic (CELAP); Igor Cvejic (IFDT) Alfredo Sasso (CAS; SEE Fellow);  Sandra Bradvić (Institute of Art History, University of Bern); Mate Nikola Tokic (CAS SEE Felow)

13.45-15.15    Lunch – Bar FUSION at the University Campus, Slavka Krautzeka 83A/II, Rijeka


15.15-17.00    Plenary Presentations – Amphitheater 230

Chair: Nebojsa Zelic (University of Rijeka)

JONATHAN WOLFF (University College London): “Institutional Change and Agents of Justice”

EMMANUEL PICAVET (University Paris 1 Sorbonne): “Ways of compromise-building in a world of institutions”

Chair: Jonathan Wolff (University College London)

THOMAS SCANLON (Harvard University – via skype): “Individual Morality and the Morality of Institutions”

17.00-17.15    Coffee break – Faculty for Humanities (desk in front of the Amphitheater 230)


17.15-18.45    Session IV with III Panels:

Institutions And Democracy: Igor Stiks (Edinburgh College of Art, The University of Edinburgh); Rastislav Dinić (Faculty of Philosophy, Niš); Cristina Matiuta (Department of Political Science and Communication Sciences, University of Oradea); Radoš Vidaković (University of Vienna, Austria)

Seminar on the philosophy of social institutions with Prof. Raimo Tuomela – Contemporaneity And Philosophy – Philosophy PhD Program, UNIRI: Raimo Tuomela (University of Helsinki); Marko-Luka Zubčić (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka); David Grčki (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka); Renato Stanković (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka); Leonard Pektor (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka); Denis Paušić (Faculty for Humanities, University of Rijeka)

Institution And Borders: Gazela Pudar Drasko; Stefan Aleksić (University of Belgrade); Nuri Ali Tahir (CAS SEE Fellow); Tamara Petrović Trifunović and Dunja Poleti (Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade); Michal Sládeček (Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, Belgrade)

Social and epistemic (in)justice

Plenary Presentation “Social and Epistemic (In)justice” – Professor Snježana Prijić-Samaržija, (Director of CAS SEE, University of Rijeka) at the 4th International Conference of the Group for Social Engagement Studies, Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory in cooperation with Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, The Center for Ethics, Law and Applied Philosophy and Center for Advanced Studies, University in Rijeka Social Justice: New Perspectives, New Horizons, held in Belgrade, May 4-6, 2016.

Snjezana Prijic-Samarzija

“Truly social epistemology has in its core the assumption that socio-political issues are an additional proper concern in epistemology. The concept of knowledge, as well as the procedures of acquiring, retaining and revising our beliefs, is inevitably connected with structures of social power. The main aim of my paper is to investigate the dependence of credibility judgments about other people’s epistemic or rational authority on social identity determined by social power(lessness). I have made a distinction between three types of cases. There are cases of credibility excess and credibility deficit directed toward different social groups, which represent occurrences of epistemic injustice or the epistemically wrong and politically unjust discrimination in ascribing rational authority. There are also cases of credibility excess and credibility deficit based on belonging to a certain social identity that are not cases of epistemic injustice, but instead of epistemically and  politically justified appraisal. However, the most intriguing is the third group in which the excess or deficit of credibility are epistemically justified but politically culpable or politically justified but epistemically culpable. Finally, I have argued in favour of hybrid virtues whose substantial value is in harmonizing socio-political and epistemic aims in a consistent way.”

 

Social Justice in the Regional Perspective: Inequalities in the Western Balkans

Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory organised the Round table ‘Social Justice in the Regional Perspective: Inequalities in the Western Balkans’ as a part of the International Conference ‘Social Justice: New Perspectives, New Horizons’. It aimed to provide the space for discussion on the current trends and socio-political process that contribute to increasing social inequalities in the region. Participants provided their personal perspectives on the different aspects of social inequality and discussed the challenges of social policies and desirable changes in the relation to/opposed to EU integration pathways.

Participants:
Vedran Džihić, Director of CAS SEE and Senior Researcher of the Institute for Political Studies, University in Vienna
Slobodan Cvejić, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade
Mihail Arandarenko, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade
Ivan Sekulović, Social Inclusion and Poverty Reduction Unit, Government of the Republic of Serbia
Mirna Jusić, Social Research Center Analitika, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gezim Krasniqi, School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London


 

CAS-SEE Fellows Panel in Belgrade

CAS-SEE Fellows presented at the “Social Justice: New Perspectives, New Horizons” Conference in Belgrade (May, 4-6 2016).

Chair: Sanja Milutinović Bojanić

Dane Taleski, Dragan Tevdovski, Trajche Panov and Viktor Dimovski

Socially Impoverish and Entrap: A Strategy to Maintain a Hybrid Regime?

Some theories of democratization argue that quality of democracy and social equality are interrelated. The argument is that if the quality of democracy is higher, then inequalities will be lower because  redistribution in a democratic regime is more fair. Another argument is that if inequalities are higher, then this will increase social pressures for regime change. The idea is that people will revolt to improve their situation. The expected causal mechanism at work is that as people’s living condition worsen they will demand more democracy which, among other things, will deliver better redistribution. Why are then hybrid regimes maintained, if inequality is on the rise?

To answer the question we assume a nested research design. We first make a cross-country comparison and then we present an in-dept case study. In the cross-country comparison, we take countries in transition from East Central Europe, Southeastern Europe and Commonwealth of Independent State and Russia. We measure quality of democracy using the Freedom House Nations in Transit Report from 2005 to 2015. To measure inequality we use World Bank Data for GINI coefficients and unemployment rates. The data seems to support the assumption that if the quality of democracy is higher, then inequality is lower. However, we then take a closer look at Macedonia, a case where inequality dramatically increased, but quality of democracy did not improve. In other words, Macedonia is a case where a sharp rise of inequality was accompanied with degradation of democracy.

The country introduced tax cuts which contributed toward the rise of inequality and poverty. At the same time, the government enacted policies to target benefits to different groups in society. However, the policies did not off-set the rise of inequality and poverty, but made the people more dependent on state patronage. We trace policy development and budget spending to show how policies were designed to target small portions of benefits to different groups in society, not to adjust for inequalities, but to make the people more dependent on social benefits. While democracy was deteriorating, the citizens were entrap. The outcome of the elaborate policy design was to gradually increase the serfdom of majority of the population from the elites.

Dragan Tevdovski, PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Economics, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje.

Trajche Panov is a Doctoral Candidate at the European University Institute in Florence, and lecturer at the James Madison University.

Dane Taleski, PhD, is a Fellow at Centre for Advanced Studies in Southeast Europe, University of Rijeka, and Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Southeast European Studies, University of Graz.


Ali Emre Benli

Theorizing Justice in Asylum Here and Now: A Social Choice Approach

Mainstream theorizing of justice in asylum provides guidance in addressing actual questions by first theorizing ideal principles that govern a perfectly just refugee regime and then deriving recommendation based on ideal principles. In this presentation, I first point out that mainstream theorizing is insufficient in addressing urgent and important questions such as the current situation of asylum seekers arriving at the borders of the European Union. The difficulty lies with finding an agreement on the superior principles of justice in asylum as well as regimes that may best implement them. Moreover, in the context of such disagreement, it is hard to create the political will required for their implementation. Then, I offer an alternative method based on Amartya Sen’s work on social choice approach to theorizing justice. I argue that we can reach partial agreements regarding the particular question at hand without reaching an overall agreement on the perfectly just refugee regime. The partial agreements point to ways to improve the status quo. In addition they give us sufficient moral reason not only for choosing one alternative course of action over the others, but also for demanding that others do the same.


Vladimir Unkovski-Korica

City Partnerships as Détente from Below? Twinning Bologna and Zagreb

This talk discusses a project, a work in progress, jointly developed by Dr Eloisa Betti and Dr Vladimir Unkovski-Korica, about the twinning of Bologna and Zagreb in the Cold War. Town twinning in the interwar period of the twentieth century developed as a civic notion to promote peace and a common identity in Europe, especially in France and Germany. This paper looks at a similar attempt to create links between Italian and Yugoslav cities, following the Second World War and territorial disputes following it. Nonetheless, it also argues that Cold War questions differentiated twinning from the interwar experiment. The talk therefore interrogates to what extent the links set up between Bologna and Zagreb can be seen as an early form of détente as various actors responded to the logic of a bipolar world. It also asks whether the hope of ‘détente from below’ was in fact utopian in the context of international economic inequalities, and therefore a harbinger of what we now know as globalisation.


Nuri Ali Tahir

Fighting Injustice Through Health Care Reform: How to Understand Social Injustice and Recent Reforms in American Health Care System

Social injustice and its components are being discussed more often today where state authorities are having trouble to provide equal and fair access to the citizens for certain services. In countries where there are political actors that resist to some regulations fighting injustice, the case might lead to political polarization and eventually defend the status-quo in which injustice prevails.  Recently, with its limited accesss and high costs, US health care system became the most important topic in the American public policy. Problematic access to health care services and the lack of universal health insurance resulted with almost 50 million people having unpaid bills to the hospitals. Democrats and Republicans had huge debate regarding the Affordable Health Care Act which is also known as Obama Care. While Democrats defended state subsidy to help poor people, Republicans strictly opposed this policy and government aid to help defray health insurance costs. The sutation becomes even more complex if we include other people such as legal residents and immigrant communities. This paper will focus on the chronic problems of American health care system and its accessibility by the poor people. Democrat and Republican positions will be evaluated based on their view towards equal access to the health care services by the citizens and other immigrant communities.