Francesco Marone holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Pavia, Italy. He is currently a Research Fellow at the Department of Political and Social Sciences of the University of Pavia, where he is also member of the research group on migration and security. Moreover, he is an Adjunct Lecturer in International Relations and Diplomacy at the University Institute Ciels – Umanitaria in Milan, Italy. Francesco is also a Non-resident Research Associate at the Center for International Studies (CEI) of the University Institute of Lisbon (ISCTE-IUL), Portugal. He was a Visiting Fellow at Aberystwyth University, Wales, and a Visiting Postdoctoral Researcher at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. His research interests include political violence, migration and security, and clandestine organizations. Francesco is author of a monograph and numerous journal articles, book chapters and analyses. His current project deals with the connection between migration flows in the Mediterranean area and security threats.