Monthly Archives: July 2017

Back to the future – Livable life between nostalgia and utopia

As hundreds of representatives of civil society from Western Balkan countries assembled in Trieste for the Civil Society Forum, CAS co-organized a kick-off event which included the screening of the documentary “Trieste, Yugoslavia” and a lively debate themed “Back to the future – Livable life between nostalgia and utopia”. Introduced by Franz Karl Prueller of the ERSTE Foundation and Branka Panić from the European Fund for the Balkans, the event took place in the Revoltella Museum Gallery of Modern Art. CAS directors, staff, and fellows welcomed the diverse audience, which included civil society representatives from the region, academics and various local actors.

CAS’s choice of the documentary “Trieste, Yugoslavia” by Alessio Bozzer to open the discussions took advantage of the Forum’s special location in a city with an urban history closely intertwined with that of the Western Balkans. The documentary explored the particularly important role of Trieste for many Yugoslav citizens who traveled there during socialist time to buy goods, as the first city across a border which gradually became more open and more porous, rather unique in the overall context of the Cold War. The film pondered upon practices of border crossings and aspirations of shoppers and sellers alike. It touched upon the diverse experiences of people coming from republics close and far, to buy jeans or coffee, by car, train, or packed buses, creative strategies of coping with border regulations, while also mentioning the underlying tensions and discriminatory tones existing the host city regarding the visitors from the nearby country, with their alterity derived from ethnicity-based  stereotypes – with a longer history than the film alludes- and the ideological representations of a Cold War border. Ending abruptly with the scenes of emptied streets and stalls while wars descend upon former Yugoslavia and borders close, the film prompted a debate which shifted from nostalgia to utopia, perceptions from within the former Yugoslavia and the outer region, and musings of perspectives for freedom, equality and solidarity in the region.

 

The debate „Back to the future – Livable life between nostalgia and utopia” was moderated by CAS’s Vedran Džihić and featured special guest, Rade Šerbedžija, CAS SEE Honorary Fellow, Professor Emeritus at the University of Rijeka, who also appeared in the documentary. Vedran Džihić asked the panel, which also included Snježana Prijić-Samaržija, Chancellor, University of Rijeka, Marek Szilvasi, CAS SEE Fellow and Gruia Bădescu, CAS SEE Fellow, to spontaneously reflect on three concepts that relate both to the film and the challenges and opportunities of civil society in the Western Balkans: nostalgia for the past, utopias for the future, and the meaning of freedom in the contemporary context.  The panel participants first approached the film from their positionality: Snježana Prijić-Samaržija and Rade Šerbedžija as citizens of former Yugoslavia for whom both trips to Trieste and the discontinuities of the 1990s triggered memories and emotional reflections,  Marek Szilvasi and Gruia Bădescu as growing up in other socialist societies – Czechoslovakia and Romania, respectively- for which borders were distinctively rigid and for which Yugoslavia, with its open borders and closeness to the West exerted a particular fascination. The two CAS fellows also discussed the tensions that emerge from the film regarding material aspirations and disparities, ideological clashes, as well as in the difference between accounts of celebrated intellectuals and artists, and the anonymized shopper, who becomes a mere “witness” in the account of the film.

These tensions between whose stories, whose narratives, and whose nostalgia were to be discussed emerged throughout the debate. While common tropes of urban versus rural, kulturni and nekulturni ljudi, appeared as explanatory frameworks of 1990s events, Bădescu pointed out from his research in Sarajevo how nostalgias for a cosmopolitan past could also lead to different forms of exclusion of newcomers, burning possible bridges and utopias for what Hanna Arendt called a “world in common”.  Arendt was frequently mentioned by panelists, with Džihić inquiring about freedom from the perspective of both Arendt and material relations. Both Bădescu and Szilvasi addressed the question of freedom from its relationship to human dignity, equality and solidarity. Snježana Prijić-Samaržija brought forward the role of CAS as an institution which embodies the aspiration to research both issues surrounding the past as well as potentialities and utopias at the scale of Southeastern Europe. All throughout, Rade Šerbedžija’s interventions captured the lived experience of the events evoked in the film, nostalgia and exile, sublimated in creative acts, which included two live performances on stage of his songs. They included “Second Call”, which was translated in English and read by CAS Fellow Nataša Sardžoska. His second act, Djevojka iz moga kraja closed the debate, which was followed by a reception and a tour of the exhibit of the Revoltella Museum Gallery of Modern Art. The Civil Society Forum started the following morning, with Trieste again a stage of diverse people and perspectives from the Western Balkans.

 

Gruia Bădescu

Sites of memory and the criminalization of authoritarian pasts: Interrogating Goli Otok in a regional and transnational frame.

“A repertoire of transitional justice practices has been mobilized in the last decades in states that experienced various incarnations of authoritarian regimes, from Latin America to Central and Eastern Europe. From trials to incriminating reports, from lustration to political declarations, these past regimes have been the object of diverse practices and discourses of criminalization. One important aspect has been the memorialization of sites of political violence, which has been mobilized by an array of actors to suit particular narratives of criminalizing past regimes. In this global context, the debates surrounding the memorialization of Goli Otok in Croatia mirror a number of processes which occurred elsewhere, while deeply connected to the specificity of memory politics in Croatia and former Yugoslavia. A political prison for mainly socialist detainees after the Tito-Stalin split, Goli Otok has been marginal to local memorialization practices, but has recently became a locus of initiatives and narratives fitting different visions and agendas. In this presentation, based on ongoing research, I scrutinize strategies and motivations of a variety of actors, the idiosyncrasies of the Yugoslav and Croatian situation, while situating it in the larger context of Central and Eastern European regional criminalization of communism and in the transnational circulation of practices between memory regions. I discuss how perspectives of place and memorialization of sites contribute to our understanding of criminalization, and how the entanglements of memories and actors function at a variety of scales, reflecting on the spatialization of multidirectional memories.”


Gruia Bădescu’s research and practice bridge the spatial and the social, with a particular interest in how interventions in urban space relate to societal and political processes of dealing with a difficult past. After his BA in Geography and European Studies from Middlebury College and his MSc in City Design and Social Science from the Cities Programme at the LSE, he worked in urban design and integrated urban development in Romania, Georgia, Armenia and Moldova. He later conducted his PhD research at the Centre for Urban Conflicts Research, Department of Architecture, University of Cambridge, where he examined the relationship between the reconstruction of cities after war and the process of coming to terms with the past, with a focus on Belgrade and Sarajevo. In 2015-2016, Gruia was a Departmental Lecturer in Human Geography at the University of Oxford, after which he embarked on a research project in Chile with an AHRC-Labex grant, exploring processes of memorialization of sites used for political violence during the military dictatorship and their transnational dimension, linking them with South-East Europe. Gruia joined CAS at Rijeka to continue his research around the debates on memorializing the site of Goli Otok, as well as to explore the heritage and memory dimension of urban transformations in Rijeka within the context of the European Capital of Culture.

 

II Ad-Ri SeminaRi

History&Culture Research Seminar-Ri(jeka) 2017

A CAS SEE Event. Conception FFRi History & Cultural Studies

List of the Discussants (in bold paper presenters and organizers)

Gruia Badescu (CAS, Rijeka), Carla Konta (Università di Trieste), Sarah Czerny (Filozofski Fakultet, Rijeka), Neža Čebron Lipovec (Univerza na Primorskem, Koper), Vanni D’Alessio (Filozofski Fakultet, Rijeka, Università di Napoli), Franko Dota (Filozofski Fakultet, Zagreb), Ivan Jeličić (Università di Trieste), Marko Klavora (History Museum of Nova Gorica), Jernej Kosi (University of Ljubljana, University of Graz), Mateja Kurir (CAS, Rijeka), Daša Ličen (Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Institute of Slovenian Ethnology, Ljubljana), Gašper Mithans (ZRS Koper Capodistria), Gregor Moder (CAS, Rijeka), Marija Ott Franolić (CAS, Rijeka), Vjeran Pavlaković (Filozofski Fakultet, Rijeka), Tea Perinčić (Pomorski i povijesni Muzej Hrvatskog primorja, Rijeka), Nataša Sardžoska (CAS, Rijeka), Katja Hrobat Virloget (Univerza na Primorskem, Koper).

WORKSHOP SESSIONS

9.15  |  PLACE AND MEMORY SESSION (CAS SEE, Sveučilišni odjeli building, 8th floor)

  1. CAS SEE Scholar Session

GRUIA BADESCU

Sites of memory and the criminalization of authoritarian pasts: Interrogating Goli Otok in a regional and transnational frame

10.30 |  Coffee break

10.45  |  II. Transnational Adriatic Session

  • Between memories and oblivions. Istrian towns after population transfers in 20th century (Katja)
  • Koper: Population transfer and architecture after WW II (Neža)
  • Reinventing Habsburg Cuisine in 21st Century Trieste (Daša)

12.30 |  Lunch Break (Fusion, Kampus Trsat)

 14.00 | EVERYDAY HISTORIES SESSION  (CAS SEE, 8th floor)

  1. Interwar Post-Habsburg Societies
  • Transforming local identities: Prekmurje after the dissolution of Austria-Hungary (Jernej)
  • Religious changes in diocese of Trieste and Capodistria/Koper in interwar period (Gašper)
  1. Yugoslav Societies in War and Peace
  • The Burdens of Milkmaids: Analysing their Movement through the Concept of Flow (Sarah)
  • A “Pure and Chaste” Socialist Revolution: Sexuality and Warfare in the Yugoslav National Liberation War (NOR) (Franko)

16.30 |  SUMMER SESSION: PROJECTS RESULTS AND NEW RESEARCH DOCKYARDS

 (Locations to be confirmed: Part A: CAS SEE, Sveučilišni odjeli building, 8th floor,  Part B: Empeduja Beach Bar, Bivio, Kantrida)

  • Heroes we love? Monuments of the National-liberation movement in Istria between memories, care, and collective silence (Project results presentation, Neža & Katja)
  • ARSENALS OF NEW PROJECTS IN HISTORY AND ANTHROPOLOGY (Discussion on methodologies, possibilities, perspectives).

18.00 | SRDELE & MORE SESSIONs: Final Discussions, new projects, plans, conclusion & Grill

(Empeduja Beach Bar, Bivio, Kantrida)

FOR PARTICIPATION PLEASE CONTACT:  dalessio@ffri.hr

Civil Society Forum Trieste of the Western Balkans Summit Series

Screening of the documentary “Trieste, Yugoslavia”

Date: Monday, July 10, 2017

Venue: Revoltella Museum Gallery of Modern Art, Via Armando Diaz 27, Trieste


18.00 – 18.30 | Welcome speech

Franz Karl Prueller, ERSTE Foundation

Branka Panic, European Fund for the Balkans

18.30 – 20.30 | Screening of the documentary movie: “Trieste, Yugoslavia”

Discussion: „Back to the future – Livable life between nostalgia and utopia“; organized in cooperation with Center for Advanced Studies – South East Europe (CAS SEE), University of Rijeka

Special guest: Rade Serbedzija, CAS SEE Honorary Fellow, Professor Emeritus at the University of Rijeka

Speakers:

Snjezana Prijic-Samarzija, Chancellor, University of Rijeka

Gruia Bădescu, CAS SEE Fellow, University of Rijeka

Marek Szilvasi, CAS SEE Fellow, University of Rijeka

Mateja Kurir, CAS SEE Fellow, University of Rijeka

Gregor Moder, CAS SEE Fellow, University of Rijeka

Marija Ott Franolic, CAS SEE Fellow, University of Rijeka

Natasha Sardzoska, CAS SEE Fellow, University of Rijeka

Moderator:

Vedran Dzihic, Austrian Institute for International Affairs, Vienna; CAS SEE, University of Rijeka


20.30 – 21.30 | Dinner Reception at the Revoltella Museum Gallery of Modern Art

Equality and Citizenship IV – Summer School Rijeka 2017.

program 

Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Rijeka, Croatia/

Odsjek za filozofiju, Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Rijeci, Campus, Sveučilišna avenija 4, Room 401

July  3rd, 2017

9.00 – 9.15 /

Welcoming address by the members of the Organization board, the academic and the public authorities

Tom Douglas Symposium

9.15 – 10.45 /

Tom Douglas – The ‘Mere Substitution’ Defence of Nudging and Its Implications for Neurointerventions

10.45 – 11.15 Coffee break

11.15 – 12.15

John McMillan – Neuro-interventions, Diagnosis and Coercion: What are the Limits of Therapy?

12.15 – 13.05

Elvio Baccarini – Moral Bioenhancement of Criminal Offenders

13.05 – 14.30 Lunch

14.30 – 15.20

Viktor Ivanković – Reassessing ‘Mere Substitution’ and Its Implications to Autonomy

15.30 – 16.20

Norbert Paulo – Between Nudging and Manipulating

16.20 – 16.40 Coffee break

16.40– 17.30

Filip Čeč- Moral Bioenhancement and the Problem of Diminished Freedom

July 4th, 2017

10.00 – 10.50

Tomislav Miletić – Biomoral Enhancement – Wherein Lies the Focus? Ruminations on the Relation Between Biology and Morality

11.00 – 11.50

Megan Foster – Pinning Down the ‘Moral’ in Moral Enhancement

12.00 – 12.20 Coffee break

12.20 – 13.10

Zlata Božac, Viktor Ivanković – Nudging and Moral Enhancement

13.10 – 15.00 Lunch

Richard Arneson Symposium

15.00 – 16.30

Scientific Colloquium of University of Rijeka: Richard Arneson – Deservingness in Distributive Justice Theory

16.30 – 16.50 Coffee break

16.50 – 17.40

Ivan Cerovac – Elitism, Political Legitimacy and Plural Voting

July 5th, 2017

10.00 – 10.50

Katarina Pitasse Fragoso – Identifying the Least Advantaged: A Debate on Metrics Between Primary Goods and Capabilities

11.00 – 11.50

Zlata Božac – Self-Ownership and Human Dignity

11.50 – 12.10 Coffee break

12.10 – 13.00

Iris Vidmar – Political Fiction- Critical Insights from Richard Arneson

13.10 – 14.00

Nicolas Brando –  Defining A Moral Person: The Boundaries Between Childhood and Adulthood

14.00 – 15.30 Lunch 

15.30 – 16.20

Elvio Baccarini – Arneson and Public Reason

19.00 – 20.30 (Filodrammatica) – Prof. Richard Arneson – Deservingness in Just Warfare Theory

July 6th, 2017

Leif Wenar Symposium

10.00 – 11.30

Leif Wenar – Unity Theory

11.30 – 11.50 Coffee break

11.50 – 12.40

Siba Harb – Distributing Responsibility

12.40 – 13.30

Neven Petrović – Left Libertarianism and Property

13.30 – 15.30 Lunch

19.00 – 20.30 (Opatija Public Lecture) Prof. Leif Wenar- Blood Oil

July 7th, 2017

10.00 – 10.50

Dijana Eraković – G.A. Cohen’s Concept of Liberty Assessed Through the Classical Liberty Theory of H. Steiner, C. Taylor and D. Miller

11.00 – 11.50

Ivan Mladenović – Justice, Legitimacy and International Relations: On the Unity of Rawls’s Political Theory

11.50 – 13.30 Lunch 

13.30 – 14.20

Ana Matan – Are Liberal Peoples More Peaceful Than Non-liberal Peoples, and Why?

14.30 – 15.20

Elvio Baccarini, Nebojša Zelič – Why Burdens of Judgement

15.20 Closing of the Summer School